Shopping, banking, and regulation of appliances are all possible through today’s smartphone. It’s no wonder that the average person touches their phone 2617 times a day. Here’s how mobile phones evolved into smartphones.
1980’s: The very first publicly available phone was 10 kilograms and had 1G wireless cellular technology. This was the Mobira Senator, introduced by Nokia in 1982, which resembled a radio more than a phone. Phones were bulky, had antennas, and only permitted calling on-the-go. Hence, this era pioneered the term ‘mobile phone’.
1990’s: Nokia’s 1011 in 1992 was the first-ever phone with ‘text messaging’. Motorola’s Startac was the first-ever clamshell or flip phone that weighed in at just 88 grams. The 90’s also welcomed the launch of phone packages with Vodafone launching its ‘prepaid’ feature. Conceptually, phones were still cellular devices or cellphones. They could now fit in your pocket and even had some pre-installed games.
2000’s: This era propelled cell phones from mere calling and texting to also being cameras with 3G connectivity, WAP internet browsing, and Bluetooth. This was seen in the Motorola Razr. The concept of touch-screen wasn’t pioneered by Apple, but in 2007, it sold over 6 million units when it launched the very first iPhone. Cell phones began to be referred to, for the first time, as ‘smartphones’.
2010’s: Samsung Galaxy S was launched in 2010 pitting Android against Apple’s iOS. Phones have been evolving at lightning speed since then. Phones became truly ‘smart’ with Wifi capabilities, 12 mp cameras, 4G Network, fingerprint sensors, map features, and streaming capability. App development became a popular millennial source of income.
Today: Almost everyone owns a smartphone as there are budget-friendly smartphones like Oppo, Samsung and Vivo phones under ₹10,000. They can control all smart appliances in our homes, have AI voice assistants like Alexa, facial recognition, and ‘find-my-phone’ technology.